Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats (healthy fats). There are three main kinds: eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA). EPA and DHA support heart health. DPA may do the same but its benefits are less established.Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is another form of omega-3 fat found in plant oils. Our bodies convert ALA into EPA and DHA. Omega-3s gives cell membranes a flexible structure allowing nutrients to enter cells and waste to exit them.
Omega 3 is a type of polyunsaturated fat that protects the heart.
Why is Omega 3 important?
Omega-3s are blood thinners so reduce the risk of blood clots. DHA is important for brain development during pregnancy and infancy.
Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
None set but to see the health benefits consume 2-4g per day. A healthy diet includes oily fish at least once a week.
Where can you find Omega 3?
- Oily fish (herrings, sardines, mackerel, salmon)
Omega 3 functions
- DHA: Contributes to the maintenance of normal blood triglyceride levels
- Contributes to brain function
- Contributes to normal vision
- EPA, DHA and ALA: Contribute to the maintenance of normal blood pressure
- Contribute to normal triglyceride concentrations