Careful management of your diabetes treatment is required to avoid serious health conditions that result from diabetes getting out of control. Depending on the type of diabetes you have, you will have to take either oral medications or injections of insulin to keep the diabetes under control. The medications alone will not regulate your blood sugar unless you stick to a healthy diet and get proper exercise. When taking medication for diabetes you should know your treatment schedule and stick to it, following the prescribed timings. Diabetic people can also seek help from internal medicine doctors, endocrinologists, ophthalmologists, podiatrists, dieticians and diabetes educators to complete their treatment.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Taking insulin is a must for those who have Type 1 diabetes and there are several things you need to do if you are taking insulin. Stay faithful with taking your insulin daily, regardless of how you may be feeling. Keep your doctor and dietician well informed about when you take meals and how much food you eat so that your insulin medication can be kept in step with your needs. Most diabetic people take self tests and insulin shots or use a special external insulin pump that supplies insulin through a tube and needle under the skin according to need.
Different types of insulin can be prescribed depending on various factors, such as the type of diabetes you have, what kind of foods you eat, kind and amount of exercise you do, how old you are, how your body responds to insulin injections, if you are able to regularly check your own blood sugar levels and to give yourself injections. Follow a regular meal time schedule and don't skip any meals, particularly after an insulin injection. Your blood sugar may suddenly drop to a very low level and create problems.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Diabetic people with Type 2 diabetes can often just be treated with a healthy, balanced diet, good exercise and some oral medications. If you are diabetic and overweight, you should try to lose some weight. There are other tests and medicines that can help control diabetes that are not insulin based, namely, Exenatide, Liraglutide, and Pramlintide Acetate. These medicines can help the pancreas to produce the insulin that is needed in a more effective way, but they may induce loss of weight and a decrease in appetite. A few people in this group may require insulin injections once or twice daily to maintain control over the disease.