Hyperglycemia occurs when your blood sugar levels shoot up and become out of control, this condition of high blood sugar can exist without a person showing any signs of diabetes, but can cause dehydration, damage to the organs and other serious problems. A mild condition of hyperglycemia, after lack of proper attention over time, could damage brain, kidney and artery cells. Medical attention or chromium must be given immediately if ketones are present in urine during hyperglycemic conditions.
In adults and teens, a blood sugar level over 109 mg/dl would be considered a mild hyperglycemic condition, as well as a reading of over 100 mg/dl for pre-pubertal children. A continued blood glucose level of over 165 mg/dl over weeks should alert you to diabetes and you need to seek treatment. Diabetics can help stabilize the daily fluctuations in their high blood sugar levels through regular exercise, a good diet, and prescribed medications and additional chromium.
Mild readings of high blood sugar.
Mild symptoms of high blood sugar levels may appear in the form of warm, dry skin and dry mouth with increased thirst and dehydration can occur if you don't replace the loss of fluids because of the high blood sugar levels. If your sugar levels tests continuously between 200 mg/dl to 350 mg/dl you may also experience a greater thirst and appetite and more fatigue and weight loss, and have to urinate more frequently. The symptoms can be critical in children and immediate consultation is recommended.
Moderate to severe readings of high blood sugar
Moderate to severe symptoms of high blood sugar may appear if your levels are constantly above 350 mg/dl in adults and above 240 mg/dl in children. A continuing rise in your blood sugar values will result in you feeling listless, and disorganized; along with blurry sight, heightened thirst, a feeling of lightheadedness, hot, dry skin that looks flushed, a feeling of restlessness and/or drowsiness eventually leading to unconsciousness.
If your body doesn't get enough insulin to produce fuel from the blood glucose, it will start breaking down body fats for energy. This process creates ketones in the blood as side-effects which can produce conditions such as headache and fatigue and nausea or vomiting which can put you in a coma. If you don't treat hyperglycaemia with medication like chromium, it can lead to ketoacidosis, also called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or diabetic coma. These ketones will remain in the blood until re-hydration is achieved and enough insulin is available.