In this article we’ll look at the symptoms, causes and treatments of Ringworm (Dermatophytosis).


Dermatophytosis, also known as Ringworm, is a common fungal infection. It is not caused by worms and should go away after using antifungal medications.

Symptoms of Ringworm

The main symptom of ringworm is a rash. This may be red or silver, scaly, dry, swollen or itchy. This rash can appear anywhere on the body, including the scalp or groin. The rash will usually be ring shaped, unless it is on your face, neck or scalp. Sometimes the rash can grow and spread or there may be more than one rash. When ringworm is on the face or scalp it can cause patchy hair loss.

What causes Ringworm?

To prevent ringworm from spreading you should:

  • Start treatment as soon as possible
  • Wash towels and bedsheets regularly
  • Keep your skin clean and wash your hands after touching animals or soil
  • Regularly check your skin if you have been in contact with a person or animal with Ringworm
  • Take your pet to the vet if you think they might have Ringworm
  • Do not share towels, combs, or bedsheets with someone who has Ringworm
  • Do not scratch a ringworm rash as this could cause the infection to spread

How is Ringworm treated?

If you notice that you have a rash you should go to a pharmacist. They will be able to recommend the best antifungal medication after looking at your rash. Depending on where the rash is, the medication may be a cream, spray, or gel.

Usually, you will need to use this medicine every day for 2 weeks, even if symptoms go away. It is important that you finish the whole course that the pharmacist recommends.

Alternative remedies/self-help

There are no proven alternative remedies for Ringworm.