Iron is an essential mineral in the human body. It helps red blood cells deliver oxygen throughout the body and helps them carry carbon dioxide waste back to lungs to be expelled. Iron is an important part of haemoglobin the substance in the red blood cells that represents about of the body's iron. If ? the body does not have sufficient iron it is not able to make enough red blood cells and results in iron deficiency anaemia.
Iron is important for the overall health of the human body and will help you to maintain healthy cells, skin, hair, and nails. Insufficient iron essential means that the body will not get enough oxygen. This can affect anything from brain health to your immune system not being able to fight off infections. Pregnant women who have severe iron deficiency run a higher risk of the baby being born too early or being smaller than normal.
Iron supplements can be used for treating and preventing the following health complications:
- Iron deficiency: Iron supplements are effective in treating and preventing iron deficiency and anaemia that are caused by a lack of iron in the body.
- Anaemia: Taking iron supplements can help your body rebuild red blood cells and reverse anaemia in individuals with kidney problems or those being treated for cancer with chemotherapy.
- Learning difficulties: Iron supplements may help improve thinking skills and the ability to learn and memorise in children with low iron levels.
- Heart failure: Studies show that almost 20% of people who have heart failure also have problems with low iron levels in the body. Research suggests that taking iron supplements can help improve some of the symptoms of heart failure.
- Coughs caused by ACE inhibitors: Some researchers suggest that taking iron supplements might reduce the coughing side effects that are sometimes caused by ACE inhibitors (medications used for high blood pressure). ACE inhibitor medications include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec) and lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril). Consult your doctor or healthcare provider for advice on the right dosage amount.
- Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Taking iron sulphate, according to developing research, may help improve some measures of ADHD in children with iron deficiency after 1-3 months of treatment.
- Fatigue: Iron supplements may help improve unexplained fatigue in non-anaemic women.
- Improved athletic performance
- Healthy foetal growth and healthy expanding body fluids and tissues in pregnant women.
- Canker sores
- Crohn's disease
- Female infertility
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Restless leg syndrome