IGT is a condition in which the blood sugar level is elevated (between 140 and 199 mg/dL in a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test), but not high enough to be>
IFG is a condition in which the fasting blood sugar level is elevated (between 100 and 125 mg/dL after an overnight fast) but is not high enough to be>
As the result of a study conducted from 1988 to 1994, the CDC estimated that 20.1 million adults aged 40 to 74 had IGT, IFG, or both. Of these adults, 9.6 million had IFG and 14.2 million had IGT.
A woman's body changes a lot during pregnancy. Pregnant women can develop gestational diabetes. All women should be checked for diabetes in the sixth month of pregnancy (weeks 24-28). Approximately 7 percent of all women who become pregnant develop gestational diabetes.
If gestational diabetes is diagnosed, your doctor will help you manage the disease before and after the baby is born. If you've been diagnosed, you can have some comfort in the fact that it can be managed with diet, exercise, and possibly insulin.
Gestational diabetes is more likely to occur in women who are overweight and/or older. Gestational diabetes is much more common in African American, Hispanic and American Indian women. Be aware that about 35 percent of women who develop gestational diabetes will later develop Type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy body weight decreases the risk.
Pregnancy with diabetes
If you have diabetes, it is very important that you manage your diabetes carefully during pregnancy. Any pregnancies should be planned. You need to maintain excellent diabetes control (normal blood glucose) for at least 3 months prior to conception and throughout pregnancy. You and your baby will need a great deal of special care. Ask your doctor about diabetes educators who specialize in diabetes management during pregnancy.