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What Doxycycline capsules are and what they are used for?
Doxycycline belongs to a group of medicines called tetracycline antibiotics. It is also known as a broadspectrum antibiotic and may be used to treat a wide range of infections caused by bacteria, these include:
• respiratory tract infections
• urinary tract infections
• sexually transmitted diseases
• skin infections such as acne
• infections of the eye
• rickettsial infections such as Q fever or tick fever
• other infections such as MALARIA, cholera, brucellosis,leptospirosis, psittacosis and fevers caused by lice or ticks.
• travellers diarrhoea, scrub typhus, leptospirosis and MALARIA.
How to take Doxycycline Capsules?
Do not take Doxycycline capsules and tell your doctor if you:
• are allergic (hypersensitive) to doxycycline, other similar antibiotics (such as minocycline or tetracycline) or any of the other ingredients in the capsule (see section 6)
• are giving it to a child under 12 years old.
Take special care with Doxycycline capsules and tell your doctor if you:
• have liver disease or are taking medicines which affect your liver
• have porphyria (a genetic disorder of the blood)
• suffer from myasthenia gravis, a condition characterised by muscle weakness, difficulty chewing and swallowingand slurred speech
• are sensitive to sunlight
• have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) a condition characterised by a rash (especially on the face), hair loss, fever, malaise and joint pain.
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, includingmedicines obtained without a prescription. Especially:
• warfarin or other anticoagulants (to stop the bloodclotting)
• penicillin (to treat infections)
• medicines such as antacids containing aluminium,calcium or magnesium or other medicines containing iron, bismuth or zinc salts. Do not take at the same time as Doxycycline capsules, as absorption of doxycycline may be reduced.
• phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin or primidone (to treat epilepsy)
• oral contraceptives (the pill)
• methoxyflurane (an anaesthetic), if you need an operation, tell your doctor or dentist you are taking Doxycycline capsules
• ciclosporin (used following organ transplants).
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breast feeding ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine as doxycycline could harm the baby.
If you take more than you should
If you (or someone else) swallow a lot of capsules at the same or you think a child may have swallowed any contact your nearest hospital casualty department or tell your doctor immediately.
If you forget to take the capules
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. If you forget to take a dose take it as soon as you remember it and then take the next dose at the right time.
If you stop taking the capsules
Do not stop taking the capsules because you feel better, it is very important to take all the capsules your doctor has prescribed for you, if you do not your condition may recur or get worse.
Side effects associated with taking Doxycycline Capsules:
Like all medicines, Doxycycline capsules can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Stop taking the capsules immediately and seek urgent medical advice if:
• you notice that your skin is very sensitive to light (you may get a skin rash, itching, redness or severe sunburn when out in sunlight or after using a sun bed).
Contact your doctor at once if the following reactions happen:
• wheeziness, difficulty in breathing, fever, sudden swellings of the face, lips, throat, tongue, hands or feet, fast heart rate, low blood pressure, rash or itching (especially affecting the whole body), pericarditis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart)
• swollen tongue, watery diarrhoea, fever and cramps (pseudomembranous colitis), soreness and itching around the back passage and/or genital areas, inflammation around the vagina, or thrush of the vagina or mouth• worsening of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following side effects or notice any other effects not listed:
• Blood: altered numbers of certain types of blood cells, you may notice that you bruise easily, have nose bleeds, or suffer from infections and sore throats, porphyria (sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, inflammation of nerves and stomach pains).
• Glands and hormones: discolouration of thyroid tissue (does not affect thyroid function).
• Central nervous system: headache, increased pressure in the skull (severe headaches, blurred and/or double vision, blind spots), permanent loss of vision, bulging fontanelles (soft spot on head) of infants.
• Ears: tinnitus (ringing or buzzing in the ears).
• Gastrointestinal tract: stomach pain, loss of appetite, feeling or being sick, heartburn, diarrhoea, difficulty swallowing, sore or painful tongue or mouth, inflammation and/or ulcers of the gullet, discolouration or underdevelopment of teeth.
• Liver: changes in liver function tests, inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), jaundice (yellowing of the skin or white of the eyes), liver failure and inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
• Skin: severe skin reactions such as erythema multiforme (circular, irregular red patches), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (rash with flushing, fever, blisters or ulcers), toxic epidermal necrolysis (reddening, peeling and swelling that resembles burns).
• Muscles and bones: muscle or joint pain.
• Kidneys: an increase in urea in the blood.If you notice any side effects, they get worse, or if you notice any not listed, please tell your doctor or pharmacist
Doxycycline capsules contain:
• The active substance is Doxycycline hyclate. Each capsules contains 100mg of Doxycycline base.
• The other ingredients are gelatin, magnesium stearate, shellac glaze, sodium lauryl sulphate, starch, E104, E127, E131, E171, E172.
What Doxycycline capsules look like and contents of the pack: