What is Propecia?
Propecia is the ONLY FDA-approved, once-a-day-pill proven to help reduce DHT (dihydrotestosterone)— a key cause of male pattern hair loss. Propecia was developed to treat mild to moderate male pattern hair loss on the vertex (top of head) and anterior mid-scalp area (middle front of head) in MEN ONLY. There is not sufficient evidence that Propecia works for receding hairlines at the temples.
Propecia is for the treatment of male pattern hair loss in MEN ONLY and should NOT be used by women or children. Clinical studies of Propecia demonstrated visible results. What is Propecia used for? Propecia is prescribed formale pattern hair loss (also known as androgenetic alopecia). ‘Propecia’ increases hair growth on the scalp and prevents further hair loss in men. Men with mild to moderate, but not complete hair loss, can benefit from using ‘Propecia’. ‘Propecia’ is for use in men only.
How Propecia Works
Propecia significantly reduces DHT, a key cause of hair loss, by inhibiting the formation of DHT in your scalp. Lowering DHT appears to inhibit the further shrinking of affected hair follicles. DHT is a substance in the body that can shrink the hair follicle until it no longer produces visible hair. Scientists believe DHT and family history are key factors in hair loss. *DHT=dihydrotesterone.
Propecia blocks the formation of DHT and, in this way, appears to interrupt the development of male pattern hair loss. Propecia helps reduce further hair loss and regrow visible hair. Propecia is the first and only FDA-approved pill Results with Propecia The earlier, the better. Hair loss is progressive, so the earlier you start taking Propecia, the better.
The 5-year clinical study demonstrated the benefit of treating hair loss earlier with Propecia. Results Over the Long Term, based on a global photographic assessment by an independent panel of dermatologists. The Facts Are In A 5-year clinical study demonstrated the effectiveness of Propecia: 9 of 10 men who took Propecia had visible results—either regrowth of hair (48% [134 of 279]) or no further hair loss (42% [117 of 279])—vs 25% [4 of 16] who took a placebo (sugar pill), according to an assessment of photographs by an independent panel of dermatologists 2 of 3 men who took Propecia regrew hair, as measured by hair count.
All of the men in the study who were not taking Propecia lost hair. A majority of men who took Propecia were rated as improved by doctors—77% (210 of 271) vs 15% (2 of 13) of men who took a placebo. A majority of men who took Propecia reported that their bald spot got smaller, their hair loss slowed down, and the appearance of their hair improved. What’s more, in the first year of the study, 86% (587 of 679) of men who took Propecia maintained hair or increased the number of visible hairs vs 42% (282 of 672) who took placebo.
Further treatment is unlikely to help if the drug has not worked within 12 months. If you stop taking Propecia, you will likely lose the hair you have gained within 12 months of stopping treatment. With Propecia, men can see results in as little as 3 months.
Possible Side Effects
Clinical studies showed that side effects were uncommon and did not affect most men.
In general use, the following side effects have been reported:
You should promptly report to your doctor any changes in your breasts such as lumps, pain, or nipple discharge. Tell your doctor about these or any other unusual side effects.
A small number of men had sexual side effects, with each occurring in less than 2% of men. These include:
These side effects went away in men who stopped taking Propecia because of them. In addition, these side effects decreased to 0.3% of men or less by the fifth year of treatment.
In 3 controlled clinical trials for Propecia of 12-month duration, 1.4% of patients who took Propecia were discontinued due to adverse experiences that were considered to be possibly, probably, or definitely drug related. 1.6% of patients who took a sugar pill (placebo) were discontinued due to adverse experiences.
Propecia can affect a blood test called PSA (prostate-specific antigen) for the screening of prostate cancer. If you have a PSA test done, tell your doctor that you are taking Propecia.