Chlamydia is an extremely common sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. Left untreated the infection can spread and cause serious long-term problems that can affect fertility and sexual health.
The bacteria are spread by sex. Once infected the bacteria live in the semen and vaginal fluids of men and women and are passed on through sexual contact. Chlamydia infects the cervix, the urethra and the rectum.
Are there any symptoms for Chlamydia?
Chlamydia often has no symptoms, and people can have an infection without knowing. In fact, 70% of people have no symptoms. Without symptoms, the only way of knowing for sure if you have a chlamydial infection is to take a test.
How can I prevent getting Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is passed through sexual intercourse, with a higher risk with unprotected sex. Therefore the best way to prevent getting Chlamydia is to use safe sex, or condoms every time.
What are the implications of having Chlamydia?
In women, these include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can lead to infertility, seriously affect the womb and the fallopian tubes and can cause ectopic pregnancy (when the pregnancy develops outside the womb).
In men, the infection may cause pain in the testicles and can cause infertility.
How long does it take to get the results of the test?
You will be sent the test result in the post, within 7 days.
What if I get a positive Chlamydia result?
If you have bought a test and the result is positive, don't worry. You can be treated quickly with antibiotics. Just go back to the pharmacy where you bought the test or any pharmacy offering a Clamelle Chlamydia Service. The pharmacist will provide you with appropriate sexual health advice and following a short consultation, you can purchase Clamelle Tablets if they are appropriate for you.
If you have tested positive for Chlamydia, it is likely that your sexual partner may have it too. Likewise, if your partner has tested positive for Chlamydia, it is possible that you have it as well.
What should you do if the test results are negative?
If your test is negative, it means you don't have chlamydia. However, you may be at risk of other sexually transmitted infections and so it's vital that you go and get yourself tested at a clinic, just in case.
What if the test results are neither positive nor negative?
If the result of your test is unclear and is recorded as neither positive or negative, the test should be repeated. Go back to the pharmacy from which you purchased your test kit, or another pharmacy participating in the Clamelle Chlamydia service, taking with you your inconclusive result letter or your verification slip. The pharmacy will give you a replacement test kit free of charge.
Should I tell my partner?
Yes! Your sexual partner(s) may be infected too. To prevent re-infection or the spread of this bacterial infection, the pharmacist will provide you with partner notification slip(s) to give or send to your sexual partner(s).
Your partner(s) will be able to purchase Clamelle Tablets from the pharmacy (subject to pharmacist approval of suitability) without the need to purchase the test, provided they bring their partner notification slip into the pharmacy.
How do I get rid of it?
In the majority of cases, Chlamydia can be treated with Clamelle, bought from the pharmacy, providing you have been tested positive for Chlamydia.
Can I take Clamelle while I am on the pill?
If you are on the oral contraceptive pill and you experience vomiting and diarrhoea, you will need to take extra precautions after taking Clamelle Azithromycin. Ask your pharmacist about this and read the 'pill' patient information leaflet carefully.