The correct dosage of this drug is based on your medical condition and in response to therapy. If you are taking Acetazolamide tablets by mouth, they should be taken 1 to 4 times a day, or as directed by your doctor. If you are taking the long-acting capsules, take the medication by mouth in as many doses as directed by your doctor for your condition.
Consider the following before taking Acetazolamide:
- Do not open, break, or chew these capsules, doing so can destroy the long action of the drug and increase negative side effects.
- Remember, prescription drugs should be kept out of reach of children and pets.
- Prescription drugs should not be shared with others.
- This drug may be taken with or without food.
- Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication, unless advised otherwise by your doctor.
- If you want to prevent altitude sickness, start taking acetazolamide one or two days before you start your climb. Continue taking the medicine while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours after you have reached your final destination/altitude.
- If you are very sensitive to higher altitudes, you may need to continue taking acetazolamide permanently while you are staying at higher altitudes to control symptoms of altitude sickness. If you start to develop severe symptoms of altitude sickness, get help and climb down as soon as you are able. This drug will not protect you from the serious side effects of altitude sickness.
- If you're taking acetazolamide for another medical condition like glaucoma or seizures, you should use it regularly as directed by your doctor. Remember to take your medications at the same time each day and take your last dose in the early evening to prevent you during the night from any discomfort or the urgency to urinate. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about your dosage schedule.
- Don't increase or decrease your acetazolamide dosage unless you consult your doctor first. Certain conditions may become worse if you abruptly quit your medication. If your doctor suggests that you stop taking the drug, your dosage should be gradually decreased.
- If your doctor suggests that you use this medication for a longer amount of time, you may require different dosing as acetazolamide is not as effective when taken at the same dose for an extended period. Talk to your doctor about this so that he/she can help monitor your condition. Tell him/her if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
- Acetazolamide may reduce the potassium levels in your body. During this time you should make sure you eat foods like bananas and oranges that are rich in potassium. Your doctor may even suggest a potassium supplement for you during your treatment.