Vitamin E is skin's vital nutrient
May help maintain skin's health
May help improve hair condition
May help improve nail health
What is Vitamin E?
Vitamin E is a group of eight fat-soluble compounds, separated into four tocopherol types and four tocotrienol types. Tocopherols are the most studied collection and referred to as alpha, beta, gamma and delta types.
Alpha-tocopherol is thought to be the most bio-available to the body. Alpha-tocopherol is a powerful antioxidant and neutralises potentially cell-damaging free-radicals within the body associated with ageing & degeneration. Vitamin E is not made by the body so must be obtained by diet or supplementation.
Why take Vitamin E400iu?
Vitamin E has the antioxidant capabilities to help reduce cellular damage caused by free radicals within the body that can lead to skin's premature ageing (for instance, from over exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays or smoking) and can help improve circulation to the scalp, thus helping keep hair follicles healthy and hair looking in an improved condition.
Take Vitamin E400iu if you want to:
Help improve skin's health
Help improve nail health
Help improve hair's condition
How does Vitamin E work? The science behind the secret... Free radicals are oxygen molecules that possess incompatible pairs of electrons. The lack of compatible electrons cause free radicals to travel around the body creating mayhem as they try and steal electrons from other molecules. Antioxidants are molecules stable enough to give an electron to a free radical and thus neutralise it.
An overabundance of free radicals within the body damages cells, causing them to age and degenerate (otherwise known as oxidative stress). Antioxidants slow down the rate of oxidative stress and stabilise free radical molecules that could otherwise cause serious health implications.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects and repairs your skin. Its antioxidant properties minimise cell damage by stabilising the free radicals. It prevents skin cell damage associated with oxidative stress which can damage your skin and cause it to age prematurely and also contributes to hair growth by improving circulation to the scalp, which keeps hair follicles healthy.
Is it right for me?
Vitamin E has been shown to be effective in helping to maintain and improve skin, hair and nail health. If you find any of these are in poor condition, then Vitamin E may be right for you. Always check with your GP before taking any supplement.
Antioxidants help improve skin's health
Skin Pharmacology & Physiology, 'Antioxidant supplements improve parameters related to skin structure in humans', Heinrich U et al, 2006.
In the present study we investigated the influence of two different antioxidant supplements composed of carotenoids, vitamin E and selenium on parameters related to skin health and skin aging. Thirty-nine volunteers with healthy, normal skin of skin type 2 were divided into 3 groups (n = 13) and supplemented for a period of 12 weeks.
Method: Group 1 received a mixture of lycopene (3 mg/day), lutein (3 mg/day), beta-carotene (4.8 mg/day), alpha-tocopherol (10 mg/day) and selenium (75 microg/day).
Group 2 was supplemented with a mixture of lycopene (6 mg/day), beta-carotene (4.8 mg/day), alpha-tocopherol (10 mg/day) and selenium (75 microg/day).
Group 3 was the placebo control. Upon supplementation serum levels of selected carotenoids increased in both verum groups. Skin density and thickness were determined by ultrasound measurements.
Results: A significant increase for both parameters was determined in the verum groups. Roughness, scaling, smoothness and wrinkling of the skin were determined by Surface Evaluation of Living Skin (Visioscan). Roughness and scaling were improved by the supplementation with antioxidant micronutrients. In the placebo group no changes were found for any of the parameters.
International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 'A new potent natural antioxidant mixture provides global protection against oxidative skin cell damage', Jorge AT et al 2011.
Oxidative stress occurs when there is an over production of free radicals and cells are not able to neutralize them by their own antioxidant mechanisms. These excess of free radicals will attack cellular macromolecules leading to cell damage, function impairment or death. Because of that, antioxidant substances have been largely used in products to offer complementary protection.
In this study a new mixture of three known antioxidants (cocoa, green tea and alpha-tocopherol) was evaluated and its antioxidant protection was assessed focusing on its capacity to protect main cell macromolecules.
Results: Results have shown that it has a high antioxidant capacity by protecting lipids, DNA and proteins against oxidative damage. The antioxidant effect of the mixture on cells was also investigated and it was able to reduce oxidative stress generated by lipopolisacharide in human fibroblasts. Finally, as the mixture has proved to be highly antioxidant, its effect on cell senescence was evaluated, and it was demonstrated that fibroblasts in culture had delayed senescence when treated with these actives on a mixture.
All results together provide important data about a new antioxidant mixture that uses a small amount of actives and is able to protect cell against oxidative damages in a global way.
The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) States:
Nutrition experts at the Harvard School of Public Health have created an online version of a food pyramid with a notation recommending a "
daily multivitamin plus extra vitamin D (for most people)."
Recognizing the special nutritional needs of senior citizens, researchers at Tufts University designed a food guide pyramid for the elderly, which features a flag at the top as a reminder that supplements of calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B-12 may be needed for optimal health. The American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association) has a policy statement emphasizing the importance of good food choices but also recognizing that supplements can help some people meet their nutritional needs.
Supplement use should be seen as one component of the search for a healthier lifestyle, including improvements in overall food habits and engaging in physical exercise.
A generous intake of calcium plus vitamin D demonstrably helps build optimum bone mass during childhood and adolescence and also slows the rate of bone loss that naturally occurs with ageing.
Nutritional supplements are helpful in addressing a woman's increased nutrient needs during pregnancy. Prenatal multivitamins with minerals are commonly prescribed to ensure that both the baby's and the mother's needs are met. In addition to meeting normal nutritional needs during pregnancy, a multivitamin can also play a critical role in protecting against some birth defects. An abundance of data shows that women who get 400 mcg of supplemental folic acid per day for one to three months prior to conception and one to three months after conception can substantially lower the risk of having a baby with a neural tube defect such as spina bifida.
While adequate nutrient intake is critical for all age groups, it may have particular significance for the elderly. Calcium and vitamin D supplements, as previously noted, can have a powerful impact on bone health, and the Surgeon General says it is never too late to benefit from improved intakes of these nutrients. Vitamin D may also reduce the incidence of falls in older people. Vitamin and mineral supplements have been shown in some studies to improve immune functionin the elderly.
Low zinc intakes are associated with an increased risk of infections, including pneumonia. Supplemental intakes of vitamin E have had a positive effect in decreasing upper respiratory infections in some studies. For these reasons, it makes sense to encourage the elderly to use multivitamin and mineral supplements.
The bottom line is that a healthy lifestyle must include a focus on dietary improvement. Generous intakes of the essential nutrients will support the normal functioning of the body and enhance health in a myriad of ways. The rational use of nutritional supplements, combined with a healthy diet, will contribute substantially to health promotion and disease prevention.
In The Press
Asthma risk for pregnant women ‘lacking vitamin E’
Health Article: Daily Mail, 2006
Young children are more likely to develop asthma if their mothers lacked vitamin E while pregnant, a study has shown.
Researchers discovered the link after monitoring 1,253 mothers and children over five years. Mothers were placed in five categories according to their vitamin E intake during pregnancy. Children born to women in the bottom and top brackets of vitamin E consumption were compared.
Those in the first group had more than a five-fold higher risk of displaying early asthma symptoms by their fifth birthday. Early vitamin E exposure appeared to influence lung function independently of allergy. In later pregnancy, allergic airway inflammation was associated with vitamin E deficiency.
Study leader Dr Graham Devereux, from the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, said: "This study has shown that foods rich in vitamin E may influence the development of childhood asthma and a diet low in foods containing vitamin E during pregnancy is associated with increased asthma and reduced lung function in children at the age of five years.
"It is possible that declining intake of vitamin E in the last 50 years may have contributed to the increase in asthma in children.
"The potential importance of this study is that in the future it may be possible to reduce the risk of asthma in children by changing the diet of mothers during pregnancy. However, further work needs to be carried out before specific advice can be given to pregnant mothers."
Dietary vitamin E sources included vegetable oils, margarine, wheat germ, nuts and sunflower seeds.
A previous study on the same group of children showed higher rates of wheezing in two-year-olds whose mothers' vitamin E intake during pregnancy was relatively low.
The findings were reported today in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Asthma is the most common long-term childhood condition in the UK, affecting a total of 1.1 million British youngsters.
Dr Lyn Smurthwaite, research development manager at Asthma UK, which funded the study, said: "Eating a healthy, balanced diet at any time, but especially during pregnancy, makes sense and this study suggests simple modifications in a pregnant mother's diet may help protect her child from developing asthma by the age of five."
Vitamin E could cut Alzheimer's risk
Health Article: Daily Mail
A diet rich in nuts, seeds and olive oil may stave off the risk of Alzheimer's disease, scientists claim. They say food high in vitamin E could prevent or slow down the onset of the degenerative brain condition.
Vitamin E - found in almonds, peanuts, avocados, broccoli and wheatgerm - is thought to fight free radicals, toxins that damage cells.
Experts believe antioxidants in the vitamin can block the toxins, which occur naturally. They say we should all eat 15 milligrams of vitamin E a day. Twenty hazelnuts would provide a third of this - as would three tablespoons of olive oil. Vitamin E supplement pills do not provide the same benefits, says a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Studies suggest a build-up of free radicals in the brain is linked to mental decline in old age and the development of Alzheimer's, which affects 500,000 people in the UK. Scientists in Chicago studied the diets of 815 people over 65. After four years, 131 had Alzheimer's. But those with the highest vitamin E intake were 67 per cent less likely to develop the disease.
Researcher Dr Neil Buckholtz, of the U.S. National Institute on Aging, said: 'The only way this can really be tested is through clinical trials now underway. These will help determine whether vitamin E can prevent the development of mild cognitive impairment.'